Associate Professor at the Graduate School of Public Policy at Nazarbayev University
Retired US Diplomat, Weiser Family Distinguished Fellow at the Atlantic Council, Board of Directors, National Endowment for Democracy
Europe Editor for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Professor at Sciences Po University and Research Fellow with the National Centre for Scientific Research
Visiting Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations
Can western governments fix porous export control regimes, and monitor private sector transactions and delivery chains to ensure the effective implementation of the Russia sanctions regime? How should they deal with third countries that are implementing sanctions selectively, or not at all? How has the Russian elite been impacted by sanctions? What is an appropriate balance between better implementing existing sanctions and announcing new ones?