President Andrzej Duda has been the President of Poland since 6 August 2015. In 1997, President Duda defended his master’s thesis and started working as an academic teacher and scholar at the Chair of Administrative Proceedings, and from 2001, as the Chair of Administrative Law of the Jagiellonian University. In 2005, following the presentation of his dissertation “the Legal Interest in the Polish Administrative Law”, President Duda obtained a doctoral degree in law. Before his tenure as President, from 2008 to 2010, during the presidency of the late Lech Kaczyński, Duda was an Undersecretary of State in the Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland. In the 2011 parliamentary election, he received 79,981 votes for the Kraków constituency as a candidate for the Law and Justice party and became a member of the Sejm (Parliament). In September 2013, the weekly news magazine Polityka commended President Duda for being one of the most active MPs, at the time describing him as being open to opposition arguments and refraining from personal attacks while in his role at the Commission for Constitutional Responsibility. President Duda remained a member of the Sejm until he was elected to the European Parliament in 2014.