The President of Latvia Egils Levits is a lawyer and political scientist. He actively participated in the restoration of Latvia in 1989–1991. He was a member of the council of the Latvian People’s Front and the Congress of Citizens. He is an author of the concept of the Declaration on the Restoration of Independence of Latvia of 1990. Egils Levits was the first Minister of Justice after full restoration of the constitution, the first Ambassador of Latvia to Germany after restoration of the country, the first Latvian judge at the European Court of Human Rights (1995–2004), and the first Latvian judge at the European Court of Justice. He has also served as the Ambassador of Latvia to Austria, Switzerland and Hungary (1994-95); conciliator at the Court of Conciliation and Arbitration within the OSCE (from 1997); and member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (from 2001). He has authored numerous publications in the spheres of constitutional and administrative law, law policy, law reform and European Union law.