Ambassador Pierre Vimont is a senior fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on the European Neighbourhood Policy, transatlantic relations and French foreign policy. From March 2016 to January 2017, Ambassador Vimont served as the special envoy for the French initiative for a Middle East Peace Conference. Previously, he had been nominated as the personal envoy of the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, to lead preparations for the Valletta Conference between EU and African countries to tackle the causes of illegal migration and combat human smuggling and trafficking. Prior to joining Carnegie, Ambassador Vimont was the first executive secretary-general of the European External Action Service, from December 2010 to March 2015. During his 38 year diplomatic career with the French foreign service, he served as Ambassador to the United States from 2007 to 2010, Ambassador to the EU from 1999 to 2002 and chief of staff to three former French foreign ministers.