One Past, Many Futures
Lennart Meri, whose 90th anniversary we celebrate this year, said that, “Europe has one past, but an infinite number of futures.” The recent past has undoubtedly been tumultuous and the immediate future looks set to follow a similar pattern. But nothing is pre-destined. We must do all we can to shape these many futures into a positive common past. The Lennart Meri Conference 2019 offers an excellent venue for informed discussions about the challenges we face, the potential means to address them, and our role in finding solutions.
Entitled “One Past, Many Futures”, the Conference will focus on foreign policy and security developments and the choices they bring. As risks to democratic values and rule-of-law societies grow, the triumph of the liberal order no longer seems inevitable. Confrontation and conflict occur not only between adversaries, but also between allies. Even as NATO celebrates the 70th anniversary of the North Atlantic Treaty, transatlantic relations are as endangered as they are vitally important. And more broadly, the policy choices of the US worry allies and cheer adversaries across the globe.
The aspirations and changing roles of China, Russia, Iran and Saudi Arabia present new challenges. Syria remains a potential flashpoint for wider conflict. Cyberspace and the information domain are largely ungoverned, encouraging conflict without rules.
Closer to home, Europe’s populations show growing frustration with leaders whose inability to answer their worries provides fertile ground for populism, separatism, and right and left wing extremism. The advocates of authoritarianism and illiberalism do not hesitate to add fuel to this fire of frustration. LMC 2019 will take place just a week before the European Parliament elections, essentially a referendum on the future of Europe.
But as well as fear, rage and frustration, there is also hope, trust, and confidence. To quote President Meri once more: “The future will depend on our will.” LMC 2019 will have a special focus on youth, giving voice to their perceptions of the emerging challenges. It will encourage young people to explore and to express their opinions about crucial issues such as migration, and the competing ideas of integration and isolation.
To mark president Meri’s continuing legacy in foreign and security policy thinking, the conference panels and the conference itself are this year named after quotations from his speeches.