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LMC 2019

Post-Crimea Shift in EU-Russia Relations: From Fostering Interdependence to Managing Vulnerabilities

The book explores mutual dependencies between the EU and Russia in a number of fields, including energy, trade, financial sector, defence industry, cross-border cooperation, and perhaps most importantly, security, and analyzes the perceptions, vulnerabilities, and ways to manage the ties on both sides.


Kadri Liik
Kadri Liik

Senior Policy Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations

Andras Racz
András Rácz

Non-Resident fellow of the Estonian Foreign Policy Institute at the ICDS

James Sherr

Senior Fellow, Estonian Foreign Policy Institute at the ICDS

Igor Gretskiy

Research Fellow at the International Centre for Defence and Security

Anke Schmidt-Felzmann
Anke Schmidt-Felzmann

Researcher at the Research Centre of the General Jonas Žemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania

Rein Tammsaar
Rein Tammsaar

Director General of the Policy Planning Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia


Kristi Raik
Kristi Raik

Director of the Estonian Foreign Policy Institute at the ICDS

The relationship between the EU and Russia is characterized by a considerable degree of interdependence. In the 1990s and 2000s, the EU’s approach to Russia was based on the expectation that economic ties and interaction in different fields would to contribute to regional stability and security and possibly even democratization of Russia. However, looking at the relationship today, one has to admit that the expected positive effects of interdependence have not materialized. Since 2014, the conflict over Ukraine and rise of geopolitical tensions have pushed Europeans to reassess their approach and put more emphasis on reducing the vulnerabilities created by mutual ties. Russia for its part has been keen to reduce its dependence on Europe, for instance in the financial sector or with regard to food imports.

The volume is edited byDr Kristi Raik, director of Estonian Foreign Policy Institute (EFPI) at the ICDS, and András Rácz, non-resident fellow of EFPI, and includes chapters authored by internationally renowned experts such as James Sherr, Kadri Liik, Igor Gretskiy, Stefan Meister, Anke Schmidt-Felzmann, Heli Simola, Rein Tammsaar and others.

The book is published by ICDS and is available for downloading and reading here. The project has been supported by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.

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