Lennart Meri Conference 2014
“The Security of Mare Nostrum and Beyond: The Return of Northern Europe to the World Scene?”
25-27 April 2014, Tallinn, Radisson Blu Sky Hotel
Friday, April 25


Opening session

The Security of Mare Nostrum and Beyond

Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President of Estonia
Carl Haglund, Minister of Defence , Finland
Douglas Lute, U.S. Ambassador to NATO
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Former Minister for Foreign Affairs, Denmark
Moderated by: Matthew Bryza, Ambassador, Director, International Centre for Defence Studies (ICDS)

19:45 Transfer to the Dinner

20:00-22:15 Dinner, hosted by President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves

(By separate invitation only)

Keynote speech: François Heisbourg, Special Advisor to the Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique, France and Chairman of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)


Transfer to the Hotel

22:30 Special session on Ukraine (Chatham House rule)

Ukraine – European vision, Ukrainian realities
Carl Bildt, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Sweden

Urmas Paet, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Estonia

Celeste Wallander, Senior Director for Russia and Central Asia, National Security Council, Washington, DC

Marko Mihkelson, Chairman, Foreign Affairs Committee, Parliament of Estonia
Bruce Jackson, Project on Transitional Democracies, Washington, DC
Oleh Rybachuk, Former Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine for European Integration
Vladimir Socor, Senior Fellow, Jamestown Foundation
Moderated by: Nik Gowing, International Broadcaster and Journalist, London

Saturday, April 26


Breakfast sessions (Chatham House rule)

Poland: A Nation on the Rise
Olaf Osica, Director, Center for Eastern Studies (OSW), Poland
Dietmar Stüdemann, Ambassador (ret.), Germany
Eugeniusz Smolar, Foreign Policy Analyst, Warsaw
Matthew Kaminski, Member, Editorial Board, The Wall Street Journal
Moderated by: Mindaugas Jurkynas, Professor, University of Kaunas

Afghanistan post-2014: The Practitioners’ View
Franz-Michael Mellbin, EU Special Representative and Head of the EU Delegation to Afghanistan

Peter Semneby, Ambassador of Sweden to Afghanistan
Väino Reinart, Ambassador of Estonia to Afghanistan
Petr Pelz, Director, Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI), Former Ambassador of the Czech Republic to Afghanistan
Tommi Haapala, LTC, Former Finnish Military Contingent Commander to Afghanistan
Moderated by: Erik Männik, Senior Fellow, ICDS

The Global Implications of the Ukraine Crisis: Towards a Second Cold War?
François Géré, Director, Institut Français d’Analyse Stratégique, Paris
Sergio Germani, Link Campus University, Rome, and Director, Gino Germani Institute for Social Sciences and Strategic Studies, Rome
John Lough, Associate Fellow, Russia & Eurasia Programme, Chatham House, London
Sergey Tsyplyaev, President, Foundation “Respublica”, St. Petersburg

Moderated by: Anton La Guardia, European Union Correspondent, The Economist


Panel on Military Threats Facing Mare Nostrum


Douglas Lute, U.S. Ambassador to NATO
Juhani Kaskeala, ADM, Former Chief of Defence, Finland

Riho Terras, MG, Chief of Defence, Estonia
Tomas Ries, Assistant Professor, Swedish National Defense College

Karlis Neretnieks, MG, Former Chief of Operations, Swedish Central Joint Command

Moderated by: Jackson Diehl, Deputy Editorial Page Editor/Columnist, The Washington Post



Panel on Energy Security: Is Natural Gas Still a Geopolitical Tool in Europe?


Vaclav Bartuška, Ambassador-at-Large for Energy Security, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Czech Republic
Alan Riley, Professor, City Law School, London
Jaroslav Neverovic, Minister of Energy, Lithuania
Peter Balas, Deputy Director General, DG Trade, European Commission
Matthew Bryza, Director, International Center for Defense Studies (ICDS)

Moderated by: Michael Haltzel, Senior Fellow, Center for Transatlantic Relations, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC


Networking lunch


Optional events

Medieval Old Town Walking Tour
Visit to the Seaplane Harbour and the Seaplane Hangars of the Maritime Museum
Visit to the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Demo Center
Visit to the Kadriorg Palace Art Museum and Park


Panel on The Arctic: The High Stakes in the High North

Espen Barth Eide, Former Defense and Foreign Minister, Norway and now Managing Director and Member of the Managing Board of the World Economic Forum, Geneva
Alyson Bailes, Adjunct Professor, University of Iceland
Heather Conley, Director and Senior Fellow, Europe Program, Center for Strategic and Internationfal Studies (CSIS), Washington, DC
Niklas Granholm, Deputy Director of Studies, Swedish Defence Research Institute (FOI), Stockholm
Moderated by: Konstantin von Eggert, International Affairs Commentator, Kommersant FM Radio, Russia


Panel on Transatlantic Relations: Pivoting Back to Europe?

Sven Mikser, Minister of Defence, Estonia
Jüri Luik, Ambassador of Estonia to Russia

Francois Heisbourg, Special Advisor to the Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique, France, and Chairman of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
Daniel Fata, Vice President, The Cohen Group, Washington, DC
Moderated by: Bobo Lo, Independent Scholar and Consultant, London


Networking dinner in the conference hotel


Film by David Satter, “Age of Delirium”


Night Owl Sessions (Chatham House rule)

Mare Nostrum or Nashe More?
David Satter, Senior Fellow, The Hudson Institute, Washington, DC, also Adviser to Radio Liberty
Glen Howard, President, The Jamestown Foundation, Washington, DC
James Sherr, Associate Fellow, Chatham House, London

Michael Weiss, Editor-in-Chief, The Interpreter Magazine, Institute of Modern Russia
James Henry Bergeron, Chief Political Advisor, Allied Maritime Command, Northwood, UK
Moderated by: Mark Galeotti, Professor, Center for Global Affairs, New York University

NORDEFCO: Soft Power in Action
Esa Pulkkinen, BG, Director General of Defence Policy Department, Ministry of Defence, Finland
John-Andres Olsen, Head of Defence Policy Department, Ministry of Defence, Norway
Johan Lagerlöf, Deputy Director General, Defense Policy, Ministry of Defence, Sweden
Kristian Fischer, Deputy Permanent Secretary of State for Defence, Ministry of Defence, Denmark
Sven Sakkov, Undersecretary for Defense Policy, Ministry of Defence, Estonia
Moderated by: Ann-Sofie Dahl, Senior Research Fellow, Center for Military Studies, Denmark

Eastern Partnership: Perspectives Without Perspective
Mariam Rakviashvili, Deputy State Minister of Georgia on European and Euro-Atlantic Integration
François Lafond, Executive Director, EuropaNova, Paris

Iulian Groza, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Moldova
Kyllike Sillaste-Elling, Deputy Undersecretary, Political Affairs, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Estonia
Moderated by : Alexei Sekarev, Director of Research Projects, Estonian Center of Eastern Partnership

Sunday, April 27


Breakfast sessions (Chatham House rule)

Sitting on the Fence: Finland and Sweden vis-à-vis NATO
Charly Salonius-Pasternak, Senior Research Fellow, Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Helsinki

Mats Johansson, Member of Parliament, Sweden and Chairman, Stockholm Free World Forum
Justyna Gotkowska, Project Coordinator, Centre for Eastern Studies (OSW), Warsaw
Ann-Sofie Dahl, Senior Research Fellow, Center for Military Studies, Denmark
Moderated by: Roland Freudenstein, Deputy Director and Head of Research at the Willfried Martens Center for European Studies, Brussels

Estonia 10 Years in the EU and NATO: Now What?
Taavi Rõivas, Prime Minister of Estonia
Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Former Minister for Foreign Affairs, Denmark
Jānis Kažociņš, Former Head of the Constitutional Protection Bureau, Latvia

Robert Nurick, Senior Fellow, Atlantic Council, Washington, DC, and Visiting Senior Fellow, Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Helsinki
Moderated by: Ekke Nõmm, Director, Estonian School of Diplomacy, Tallinn


Panel on the Future of NATO: Back to Basics?

Ben Hodges, LTGEN, Commander, Allied Land Command, Izmir, Turkey

Luke Coffey, Margaret Thatcher Fellow, The Heritage Foundation, Washington, DC

Dietmar Stüdemann, Ambassador (ret.), Germany
Lauri Lepik, Ambassador of Estonia to NATO
Moderated by: Graham Avery, European Policy Centre, Brussels



Panel on Cyber Security: A Mission Impossible?
Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President of Estonia
Jane Holl Lute, President, Council on Cyber Security, Arlington, VA
Mikko Hyppönen, Chief Research Officer, F-Secure, Finland
Moderated by: Judy Dempsey, Editor-in-Chief, Strategic Europe, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Berlin


Closing session

The Lennart Meri Lecture

Jaakko Iloniemi, Minister (hon.), Former Ambassador of Finland to the United States

Final Words


Farewell lunch